Dislocations

Symbols used:

CLD Clitic Left Dislocation.
CLEFT Cleft sentence.
LD Left dislocation.
RD Right dislocation.

All examples from:  Tiprens-la (CaraïbEditions) (TP) and Poullet & Telchid (2010) (P&T).


Guadeloupean – Dislocations

 

Clitic Left Dislocations

Type Exemple Source
CLD Sé granmoun-la yo pa ka janmé konpwann ayen yomenm tousèl tousèl a-yo

PLUR adult-DEF they NEH HAB never understand nothing themself alone alone of-they

“The adults, they never understand anything all by themselves”

TP
CLD On boa sa danjéré

A boa this dangerous

“A boa, that’s dangerous”

TP
CLD É on éléfan sa ka pwan onlo plas toubòlman

And an elephant this HAB take a.lot place extremely

“And an elefant, that requires a lot of space”

TP
CLD Akaz an-mwen sa tou piti

House of-me this all little

“My place, that’s very little”

TP
CLD Padavwa akaz an-mwen sa tou piti…

Because house of-me this all little

“Because my place, that’s very little”

TP
CLD Astéwoyid-lasa yo rivé vwè-y yenki onsèl fwa adan on télèskòp

Asteroid-DEM they arrive see-it just only time in a spyglass

This asteroid, they managed to observe it only once with a spyglass”

TP
CLD Sé granmoun-la yo enmé chif

PLUR adult-DEF they love number

“The adults, they are fond of numbers”

TP
CLD sé grenn-la ou pa ka vwè-yo

But PLUR seed-DEF you NEG HAB see-they

“But the seeds. you can’t see them”

TP
CLD É si sé baobab-la yo a twòp

And of PLUR baobab-DEF they in school

“And if the baobabs..if they’re a lot”

TP
CLD Mé danjérozité a sé baobab-la moun pa gyè konnèt-li

But dangerousness of PLUR baobab-DEF person NEG at.all know-it

“But the dangerousness of baobabs..people are never aware of that”

TP
CLD Alò sé pikan-la, kisa yo ka sèvi ?

So PLUR thorn-DEF what they HAB be-useful

“So the thorns, what are they useful for?”

TP
CLD Sé pikan-la, yo pa ka sèvi ayen

PLUR thorn-DEG they NEG HAB be.useful nothing

The thorns..that’s useless”

TP
CLD Tiprens-la, li i té ka véyé rivé a on manman bouton

Little.prince-DEF he he ANT PROGR look arrive of a hige blossom

“The Little Prince, he was waiting for a huge blossom to bloom”

TP
CLD Travay, […], sa ké lasi kò a-y

Work(N), this IRR exhaust body of-he

“Working, that would exhaust him”

P&T
CLD

CLEFT

Sé pikan-la, yo pa ka sèvi ayen, sé movèzté a sé flè-la

PLUR thorn-DEF they NEG HAB be.useful COPpres bad.thing of PLUR flower-DEF

“The thorns, they aren’t useful: that’s bad”

TP
CLD

CLEFT

Travay, a pa pou-y

Work(N), EXPL NEG for-he

“Working, that’s not his cup of tea”

P&T

 


Left Dislocations

Type Exemple Source
LD Misyé, mwen, an kay travay mwen

Mister, me, I HAB.go work me

“Mister, me, I have a job..I!”

P&T
LD

CLEFT

Désen an-mwen a pa té on chapo i té ka montré

Drawing of-me EXPL NEG ANT a hat it ANT HAB show

“My drawing, that wasn’t a hat it showed”

TP
LD

CLEFT

Sé granmoun-la sé konsa yo yé

PLUR adult-DEF COPpres like.this they COP?

“The adults, they’re like that”

TP
LD

CLEFT

Sé granmoun-la sé konsa yo yé

PLUR adult-DEF COPpres like.this they COP?

“The adults, they’re like that”

TP

 


Clefts

Type Exemple Source
CLEFT Si on nomn pa ka bwè wonm, a pa on nonm sé on zongnon !

If a man NEG HAB drink rhum, EXPL NEG a man COP an onion!

“If a man doesn’t drink rhum, that’s not a man but a little child!”

CLEFT A pa èvè-nou ou ka jwé

EXPL NEG with-us you PROGR play

“It’s not with us you’re gonna play”

CLEFT A pa té ponmoun i té konnèt

EXPL NEG ANT nobody he ANT know

“That wasn’t anyone he knew”

CLEFT A pa kouyonnad !

EXPL NEG nonsense!

“This isn’t nonsense!”

CLEFT A pa an tan an-mwen ou té kay fè pon granmoun sa

EXPL NEG at time of-me you ANT HAB.go do any adult this

“It’s not at my times that you could do this to an adult” (“You couldn’t treat adult people like that when I was younger”)

CLEFT Yo ka fè konsi a pa ba-yo ou palé

They HAB do as.if EXPL NEG to-them you speak

“They will do as if it wasn’t to them you’re speaking” (“They will pretend you’re not talking to them”)

CLEFT A pa ban-mwen ou palé?

EXPL NEG to-me you speak

“It’s not to me you’re speaking to?”

CLEFT A pa ponmoun ou konnèt ?

EXPL NEG nobody you know?

“Wasn’t it anyone you know?”

CLEFT An fè Tiprens-la obsèvé sé baobab-la a pa dé tipyébwa

I make Little.prince-DEF observe PLUR baobab-DEF EXPL NEG art.inf little.tree

“I made the Little prince notice that the baobabs,,that’s not little plants”

CLEFT Pou mwen sété lavi oben lanmò i té ka atann-mwen

For me COPpast life or death that ANT PROGR wait-me

“For me that was a matter of life or death”

CLEFT Sé dyèktèman konsa an té vlé-y

COPpres exctly like.this I ANT want-it

That’s exactly how I wanted it”

CLEFT E sé konsa an vin konnèt Tiprens-la

And COPpres like.this I come know Little.prince-DEF

“And that’s how I got to know the Little prince”

CLEFT Sé on avyon.

COPpres a plane

“That’s a plane”

CLEFT Sé avyon an-mwen.

COPpres plane of-me

“That’s my plane”

CLEFT A pa on biten

EXPL NEG a thing

“That’s not a thing

CLEFT A pa pa èspré mwen fé-y

EXPL NEG for purpose I do-it

“I didn’t do that on purpose”

CLEFT E a pa yenki twèl yo ka vann la

And EXPL NEG only tissue they HAB sell there

“And they aren’t just selling tissues there”

CLEFT Sé sa ou ka réponn-mwen

COPpres what you PROGR answer-me

“That’s what you’re telling me”

CLEFT A pa tout jé an ka pran Elvina

EXPL NEG all joke I HAB take Elvina

“It’s not that I can stand all kinds of jokes, Elvina!”

CLEFT

CLEFT

A pa on mouton sa sé on bélyé

This NEG a mutton this COPpres a ram

“That’s not a mutton, that’s a ram!”

CLEFT

CLEFT

Mé a pa on nonm sa sé on zòrèy-bwa !

But EXPL NEG a man this COPpres a mushroom

“But that isn’t a man, that’s a mushroom!”


Right Dislocations

Type Exemple Source
RD É sa ka izé sé timoun-la, ba-yo lèsplikasyon toulongalé konsa

And this HAB exhaust PLUR child-DEF give-they explanation all.the.time like.this

“And it is exhausting for the kids to always have to explain them everything this way”

TP
RD É sa vré, jéografi,fo di, rédé-mwen onlo

And this true geography must say help-me a.lot

“And that’s impossible to deny: geography helped me a lot”

TP
RD Sa pa ka krenn ayen woumèt travay a-w a plita

This NEG HAB fear nothing postpone work of-you of later

“And that’s not big deal to postpone your work”

TP
RD Sa sitèlman étranj, péyi a pléré-gwodlo-la.

This so bizarre, land of tear-DEF

“That’s so bizarre, the land of tears!

TP
RD Ka sa yé biten-lasa ?

What this COPint thing-DEM

“What’s it, this thing?”

TP
RD

CLEFT

Sa an pé fè sé vwè on boug an-mwen

This I can do COPpres see a person of-me

“What I can do is speaking to someone I know”

P&T